73-year-old saved with CPR

Lewis Family Drug pharmacist Lisa Thelen, left, meets Dennis Scott for the first time since he suffered cardiac arrest in the County Fair Food Store on Thursday afternoon. Scott suffered cardiac arrest back on Feb. 16 collapsing near the customer service counter where Thelen was one of the stores employees who rushed to Scott’s aid when he went to the floor. (Matt Gade / Republic)

Dennis Scott entered Lewis Family Drug on Feb. 16 and collapsed near the customer service counter suffering from Cardiac Arrest.

Elimae Stubbe noticed Scott was very pale. When Scott suddenly collapsed. She immediately began compressions.

“He was very pale, and the look on his face was like someone was going to have a heart attack.”

She leapt.

“My instincts kicked in,” Stubbe said.

She had performed CPR once before on a family member. She since let her certification expire.

“I just did compressions,” Stubbe said. “Lisa from Lewis Drug did compressions and gave mouth-to-mouth.”

Scott said of the incident:

“I woke up with a second life,” he said. In gratitude, “I’d maybe like to contribute, give back, a little more.”

Source: The Daily Republic

 

 

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Do you know how to recognize and help someone who is choking?

We are living in interesting and challenging times right now, to say the least, more and more people are working from home and self-isolating, which can bring a whole new set of challenges. 

A simple but common accident that can happen at work in the office or at home is choking, while it’s scary to think about, we have put together some tips to help recognize and act upon in the event of choking. Choking is a common cause of accidental death and often preventable. Objects such as food, candy or small objects can easily become lodged in the airway if they are accidentally ‘breathed in’ rather than swallowed.

Signs and symptoms of choking

  • Unable to speak or cough
  • Grasping or pointing to the throat
  • Distressed look on the face
  • First aid treatment of choking

Encourage the patient to cough, If the choking is only mild, this will clear the obstruction and the patient should be able to speak to you.

If the obstruction is not cleared:

Give back blows

Call for help, but don’t leave the patient yet.

Bend them forward so the head is lower than the chest. For a smaller child, you can place them over your knee to do this.

Give up to 5 firm blows between the shoulder blades with the palm of your hand. Check between blows and stop if you clear the obstruction.

If the obstruction is still not cleared:

Give abdominal thrusts

  • Stand behind the person and wrap your arms around the waist.
  • Place your clenched fist just above the person’s navel. Grab your fist with your other hand.
  • Quickly pull inward and upward as if trying to lift the person up.
  • Perform a total of 5 abdominal thrusts.
  • If the blockage is still not dislodged, continue cycles of 5 back blows and 5 abdominal thrusts until the object is coughed up or the person starts to breathe or cough.
  • Take the object out of his mouth only if you can see it. Never do a finger sweep unless you can see the object in the person’s mouth

Give CPR, if necessary

If the obstruction comes out, but the person becomes unconscious, begin CPR.

Continue CPR until medical personnel arrives.

 

What if I am choking and nobody is around to help?

It’s a scary situation whether you’re in a room full of people or alone at home. But there is a fast and effective solution: the Heimlich Maneuver®.

The best way to dislodge an obstruction is the Heimlich Maneuver. And if you’re alone, you can perform the Self-Heimlich.

Even though you won’t be able to speak when you’re choking, call 9-1-1 so help is on the way if you need it. Then take action to dislodge the obstruction.

Here’s how you can save your life with the Self-Heimlich:

  • Position yourself behind a chair or on the edge of a table.
  • Press your abdomen, the same area you’d place your fist on another person, against a table or chair with quick inward and upward thrusts.
  • Repeat until the object is dislodged.

You can also watch the Heimlich Heroes Self-Heimlich video for a closer look at how to perform the maneuver on yourself.

 

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Should you restrain a person having a seizure?

Approximately 1 out of 10 people have had a seizure. Because seizures are very common, it’s important to learn what to do to help keep that person safe until the seizure stops.

There are many types of seizures. Most seizures end in a few minutes.

These are general steps to help someone who is having any type seizure:

  • Stay with the person until the seizure ends and he or she is fully awake. After it ends, help the person sit in a safe place. Once they are alert and able to communicate, tell them what happened in very simple terms.
  • Comfort the person and speak calmly.
  • Check to see if the person is wearing a medical bracelet or other emergency information.
  • Keep yourself and other people calm.
  • Offer to call a taxi or another person to make sure the person gets home safely.

A seizure (fit) occurs due to excessive and disorganized electrical activity in our brain. A major seizure occurs when the victim falls to the ground and starts shaking uncontrollably. This is known as a tonic-clonic seizure or a grand mal seizure.

Victims of a major seizure are normally unconscious during the episode and not aware of their surroundings.

There are many myths about the correct first aid treatment for a victim having a seizure. One of these myths is around restraining a victim to stop them from injuring themselves – this is incorrect and potentially dangerous!

  • Do not hold the person down or try to stop his or her movements.
  • Do not put anything in the person’s mouth. This can injure teeth or the jaw. A person having a seizure cannot swallow his or her tongue.
  • Do not try to give mouth-to-mouth breaths (like CPR). People usually start -breathing again on their own after a seizure.
  • Do not offer the person water or food until he or she is fully alert.

Attempting to restrain the victim will not shorten the duration of the seizure or speed up the victim’s recovery. This myth has the potential to cause serious harm to a seizure victim.

The Correct First Aid Steps for a Seizure

The following first aid steps should be carried out for a victim having a major seizure (fit):

  • Call for emergency medical help
  • Move on any bystanders
  • Move away from any potential hazards from the victim and protect their head
  • Once the seizure finishes, roll the victim onto their side and ensure the airway is open and they are breathing
  • Don’t attempt to restrain the victim or place anything in their mouth
  • If the victim stops breathing then start CPR immediately and call for a defibrillator.

CDC Seizure First Aid

 

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What is the best way to manage insect bites and stings?

 

Common reactions to insect bites and stings are mild. Often causing little more than stinging, redness and itching or minor swelling. Rarely do insect bites and stings, such as from a bee, a wasp, a hornet, a fire ant or a scorpion, can result in severe reactions.

To take care of an insect bite or sting that causes a mild reaction:

  • Move to a safe area to avoid more bites or stings.
  • If needed, remove the stinger – Click here for more info on insect poison extractors.
  • Wash the area with soap and water.
  • Apply a cool compress. Use a cloth dampened with cold water or filled with ice. This helps reduce pain and swelling. If the injury is on an arm or leg, elevate it.
  • Apply 0.5 or 1 percent hydrocortisone cream, calamine lotion or a baking soda paste to the bite or sting several times daily until your symptoms go away.
  • Take an antihistamine (Benadryl, others) to reduce itching.
  • Usually, the signs and symptoms of a bite or sting disappear in a day or two. If you’re concerned — even if your reaction is minor — call your doctor.

Call 911 or your local emergency number if the injured person experiences:

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Swelling of the lips, eyelids or throat
  • Dizziness, faintness or confusion
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Hives
  • Nausea, cramps or vomiting
  • A scorpion sting and is a child
  • Take these actions immediately while waiting for medical help:

Ask the person if he or she is carrying an epinephrine autoinjector (EpiPen, Auvi-Q, others) to treat an allergic attack.

If the person says he or she needs to use an autoinjector, ask whether you should help inject the medication. This is usually done by pressing the autoinjector against the person’s thigh and holding it in place for several seconds.

Loosen tight clothing and cover the person with a blanket. Don’t give him or her anything to drink.

If the person is vomiting, position him or her to prevent choking.

Begin CPR if the person shows no signs of circulation, such as breathing, coughing or movement.

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Do you know the 5 steps for lifesaving CPR?

An average of 350,000 people has a sudden cardiac arrest incident outside of a hospital. Those who receive CPR are two to three times more likely to survive.

Joshua Moeckly, a Mayo Clinic cardiac nurse, explains the five steps you should go through in an effort to save a life.

It’s a moment everyone hopes they never experience, but it could happen any time: finding a person in cardiac arrest unconscious and nonresponsive.

Moeckly says:

  1. Make sure the scene is safe before approaching the person.
  2. Call 911 and get help on the way.
  3. Check for breathing and a pulse.
  4. If the person is not breathing and has no pulse, Moeckly says it’s time to start chest compressions.

Using both hands, push down on the person’s sternum about 2-2 inches.

“Typically, you want to go to 100 to 120 beats per minute,” Moeckly says. “And the most common song people think of when they perform CPR is “Stayin’ Alive” by the Bee Gees,”

After about 30 compressions,

  1. Rescue breaths.

“You want to ensure that their airway is open before you administer a breath to them,” Moeckly says. “So you’ll tilt their head and then breathe into their mouth a full, deep second, take a deep breath, (and) breathe into their mouth for another deep second.”

Moeckly says, from there, the best thing you can do is to repeat the process until the person wakes up or help arrives.

 

 

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Source: July 9, 2018 by From Mayo Clinic News Network, Mayo Clinic News Network

 


What’s the difference between a sprain and a strain, and what the heck is R.I.C.E Therapy?

During these times of isolation at home, at-home workouts have become more popular. Exercise is good for our bodies and mental well being but as with any physical activity, an injury can always happen. Do you know what to do if you have an accident such as a sprain or strain? And what it the correct way to take care of an injury like a strain? Read on for what the difference is between a sprain and a strain and how to treat both.

Sprains and strains are often used interchangeably. While very common for a first responder to encounter, they are not the same thing.

Sprain

A sprain is a stretch or tear in a ligament. Ligaments are bands of fibrous tissue that connect bones to bones at joints.

Excessive force applied to a joint can cause these ligaments to tear – this is a sprain. Usually when a person falls, twists, or is hit in a way that forces the body out of its normal position.

The most common type of sprain is a sprained ankle. About 25,000 people sprain an ankle every day.

Strain

A strain is also a stretch or tear, but it happens in a muscle or a tendon. Tendons link muscles to the bones. This is very common in contact sports like football, boxing and hockey.

Treatment of sprains and strains

Although there is a difference between sprains and strains the first aid treatment of both is the same.

This is known as RICE therapy.

-Rest

-Ice

-Comfortable support / Compression

-Elevation

This simple first aid treatment will relieve swelling and subsequently relieve the pain from these injuries.

Always seek medical attention if the pain and swelling don’t start to lessens after 24 to 72 hours.

 

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OTC Medications In The Workplace? Here’s What Your Co Workers Think…

89% of workers indicated that having OTC medications available from a nurse made it possible to complete their shift

University of Michigan Study Findings:

  • The workers surveyed reported visiting their company’s health/medical department on average 10 times per year.
  • The top four worker complaints that occurred while on the job were headaches, colds/sinus problems, muscle ache/pain, and burns.
  • 73% of those surveyed regularly experienced headaches and cold and sinus symptoms while at work.
  • More than half (55%) of those surveyed experienced muscle and joint pain at work.
  • Almost half (46%) of employees experienced cuts and burns on their skin while on the job.
  • 89% of those surveyed believed the over0the-counter medications provided by the company helped them feel well enough to complete their shifts.
  • Employees strongly agree with the statement: “I highly recommend having over-the-counter medications available to workers in other work sites that currently do not have over-the-counter medications in place.”

University of Michigan workplace study sponsored by Medique Products.

Other Facts About Lost TIme in the Workplace:

  • According to the Centers for Disease Control there are 358 million work-loss days each year related to acute conditions.
  • Each year, there are more than 75 million work-loss days due to influenza.

Contact a UniFirst First Aid + Safety representative today for a free consultation.

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Central Texas officer honored by city after performing CPR

 

 

Officer Justin Gonzales was honored for performing CPR on an unresponsive woman. (Source: City of West Police Department/Facebook)

WEST, TX (KXXV) – A West police officer was honored by the city council for performing life-saving measures on a woman he found unresponsive.

West police said Tuesday that Officer Justin Gonzales was given a Life Saving Award at the West City Council meeting for performing CPR on a woman found unresponsive in her residence on March 2.

Police said the incident happened at West Apartments, located off of Tokio Road. A citizen called the police to report a friend who lived in the apartments had not been in contact with him for two days and had not answered her phone. Gonzales attempted to call the phone and had received no answer.

Gonzales received permission from the apartment manager to enter the apartment, where he found the woman in the bedroom. Gonzales detected a faint pulse, to which he grabbed the AED from his patrol vehicle. Gonzales performed CPR until EMS arrived. The victim was taken to the hospital where she was treated.

“The Life Saving Award is issued for competent and expedient action, which is directly responsible for sustaining or saving a human life, or an act, which removes a person from a situation, which would have resulted in their imminent death,” said West Police Chief Darryl Barton.

Source: KXXV

 

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CPR Training Saves Baby

Clarintje Kopra, a St. Maarten Academy high school graduate and one of the volunteers of Red Cross St. Maarten, used her CPR training on March 23 to save the life of a four-month-old baby girl when she did not wake up from her nap. Despite the emotions, Kopra, a teaching assistant in a day-care centre, remained focused and confident during the emergency situation.

With her mother always encouraging her to remain a volunteer, she remembered what she had been taught, administered CPR and had the baby breathing again by the time the ambulance arrived.

The first-aid-certified volunteer said after the incident that she felt great because she had saved a life. Red Cross St. Maarten said this week on its social media page that it is proud of Kopra and encourages her to keep up the amazing work.

Source: The Daily Herald

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Emergency Burn Care and Treatment Seconds Count

Seconds count, when burns occur. Burns need to be cooled immediately. Otherwise, the heat will continue to destroy the surrounding and underlying tissue, and may even progress into a second or third degree burn. This will present serious complications for the patient both in cost and on-going treatment.

How To Treat A Burn

Here are four critical steps you should take to treat a burn:

1  Immediately stop the burning process

2 Cool the burn, but don’t overcool the patient

3 Provide pain relief

4 Cover and protect the burn area against contamination

It is actually recommended that you don’t use ice. It can cause more damage and slow the healing process.1 It is recommended instead you use a burn dressing. Burn dressings are a gelatinized water mix designed to perform the four critical steps for burn management in one application. Because of their gelatinous nature, they seal the burn from further contamination, they cool the burn site and relieve pain by heat transfer into themselves, and the fluids on the burn site cannot soak into the dressing nor can they evaporate through them. And finally, as the burn site cools down, the dressing warms up, leaving the site covered by a warm dressing, helping to prevent hypothermia.

Burn Dressing will absorb temperatures which is extremely important. The additional gel within the burn gel pouch can be left on the wound for up to four hours prior to receiving further medical treatment if necessary.

Water Gel

Benefits of burn dressings

• Provides controlled cooling by convection, not evaporation

• Acts as a heat exchanger

• Absorbs heat throughout the gel contact are

• Conforms to the burn surface, providing total cooling contact

• Does not affect core body temperature or contribute to hypothermia

• Stops the burning process

• Portable—on the scene—when seconds count!

• Cools the burn, dissipates heat

• Provides pain relief

• Easy to use

• Evaporates slowly

• Use on any burn

• Non-adherent, easy to remove

• Covers and protects against contamination

• Helps prevent infection

• Water-soluble

• Won’t irritate the eyes, nose or mouth

All burns should be treated with concern. It is important to keep in mind the golden rule of burn management: If someone has a burn on his or her body exceeding the size of the palm of his or her own hand, where blisters are present, burns to genitalia, face or to any flexion point, this person should seek medical attention. All electrical burns require medical attention.

1 https://www.healthline.com/health/burns#modal-close

 

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